Drug Testing in Schools

November 4, 2016Articles UC Davis Journal of Juvenile Law & Policy

This paper analyzes the U.S. Supreme Court’s justification of drug testing in two seminal cases and examines scholarly notes with different views as to whether drug testing yields favorable policy. Furthermore, the paper reveals how a California appellate court upheld a preliminary injunction against drug testing all extracurricular participants because of a strong likelihood that it constitutes an impermissible invasion of privacy not narrowly tailored to achieve the state goal of eliminating adolescent drug use. The paper finally explores how other states have determined the constitutionality of drug testing in schools, evaluates the overall effectiveness of drug testing in both the athletic and extracurricular contexts, and presents potentially more effective solutions to reducing adolescent drug use.